According to the writers of assignment writing services the use of intentional violence against civilians is known as terrorism. A terrorist group which is involved in the terrorist attacks all around the world and it is declared as a terrorist group by the national, former and international government is known as an international terrorism-terror group. There are lots of terrorist groups all around the world that are declared as international-terror groups. Some of them are Al-Aqsa foundation, Al-Qaeda, ISIS, Al-Nusra Front, ETA, Force 17 and Indian Mujahideen etc. Here, we will discuss one of the most famous international terrorism-terror groups Al-Qaeda.
This foundation was founded by Osama Bin Laden and Abdullah Azzam in 1988. It is an organization of the militant Sunni Islamist. Basically, this foundation was created during the Soviet-Afghan war. Lots of countries and international organizations like the United Nations Security Council, NATO, United States and India have declared that Al-Qaeda is an international terrorism-terror group. Al-Qaeda is involved in lots of military and non-military attacks in various countries. The most famous attacks of this organization are 9/11 attacks and the 2002 Bali Bombings. As a response of the 9/11 attacks, the United States of America attacked this terrorist group and all of its allies.
Before the War on Terror, Al-Qaeda was considered as the centralization of the decision making but after the War on Terror, Al-Qaeda is considered as decentralization of the execution. Its reason is that the leadership of the Al-Qaeda is isolated now. Moreover, this organization is also divided into several sub-groups. The network of this organization is so strong and it is running lots of jihadist movements in various countries. There are some direct as well as some indirect affiliates of this organization. Some direct affiliates of this organization are given below;
- Al-Qaeda in Iraq
- Al-Qaeda in Syria
- Al-Qaeda in Yemen
- Al-Qaeda in Mali
There are also some indirect affiliates of this organization. These indirect affiliates of this organization are given below;
- Ansar Al-Islam
- Jund Al-Aqsa
The founder of this organization was Osama Bin Laden and he had also served as first Amir of this organization. After the death of Osama Bin Laden, on August 22, 2011, Atiyah Abdul Rehman became the second Amir of this organization. The leadership of this organization had divided this organization into several groups. These committees are the military committee which is responsible for the training of the members, the money committee which is responsible to generate funds for this organization, the law committee which confirms the new policies within the organization, the Islamic study committee which resolves all the Islamic issues and the media committee which is responsible to handle different issues of the organization with the public and different kinds of media.
There are several operational structures within this organization. The leadership of this organization plans the attacks on different places. The expertise of this organization was that this organization was involved in the 9/11 attacks in the USA. Naseer Al Bahri had served as a bodyguard of Osama Bin Laden for four years. He wrote that the main concept and structure of this organization came from America. Moreover, the US department of justice had also proven the connection of Osama Bin Laden with the 9/11 attacks. After proving this connection, they were able to continue the war on terror.
This organization keeps the documentary record of all the members who get proper military training from them. According to these documents, during the reign of Osama Bin Laden until 2011, the registered members of this organization were only 170. On the other hand, just after the death of Osama Bin Laden, the commanders of this organization were increased to several thousand. In 2006, the network of this organization was flourished into 40 countries. On the other hand, in 2009, the active members of this organization were only 200 to 300.
The funding of an international terrorism-terror group is the real cause of the problem. Its reason is that without funding, it is almost impossible for an organization to perform these kinds of terrorist attacks. Till 1990, the main sources of funding for this organization were the personal wealth of Osama Bin Laden and trade of the heroin and other drugs. After that major part of the funding of this organization came from the supporters in Kuwait, Saudi Arabia and other countries.
A terrorist group that is declared as a terrorist by the national and international governments is known as an international terrorism-terror group. There are lots of international terrorism-terror groups in the world but Al Qaeda is the most famous international terrorism-terror group. Its reason is that Al-Qaeda is involved in lots of international terror attacks like 9/11 attacks in the USA. This organization was founded by Osama Bin Laden in 1988. Till 1990, the main part of the funding for this organization came from the personal wealth of Osama Bin Laden and trade of the drugs. After that, this organization received lots of funds from their supporters in Kuwait, Saudi Arabia and other countries.